Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Record Retention
Question: How long must I keep records and documents required by the FMCSA Regulations?
Answer: It depends on which documents you are talking about. The record retention requirements vary greatly. Below, I have summarized the retention requirements for some of the most common documents by subject area. I have also indicated the Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) of the regulation where the record retention requirements are located:
Driver Qualifications CFR 391
Regulation Document Retention Period
391.51 (c) Complete driver qualification file 3 years after date of termination
391.51 (d) Driver Applications 3 years after date of termination
391.51 (d) 4 Medical Certificate and long form 3 years from date of execution
391.51 (d) 2 Annual Review 3 years from date of execution
391.51 (d) 3 Certification of violations 3 years from date of execution
391.51 (d) 5 Physical waiver 3 years from date of execution
391.51 (d) 1 Annual motor vehicle record (MVR) 3 years from date of execution
391.23 (a) 1 Initial MVR at time of hire 3 years after date of termination
Drug and Alcohol Testing Records
382.401 (b)(1)(i) Records of Alcohol tests with .02 or 5 years
382.401 (b)(1)(ii) Records of driver verified positive 5 years
controlled substance test results
382.401 (b)(1)(iii) Documentation of refusals to take 5 years
required alcohol and/or drug test
382.401 (b)(1)(iv) Driver evaluations and referrals 5 years
382.401 (b)(1)(v) Calibration documentation to testing 5 years
382.401 (b)(1)(vi) Administrative records of the Alcohol 5 years
controlled substance testing programs
382.401 (b)(1)(vii) A copy of each annual calendar year
summary required by 382.403(only 5 years
those carriers selected
382.401(2) Records relating to the alcohol and
controlled substances collection process 2 years
383.401(3) Record of negative and cancelled 1 year
controlled substance results and
alcohol tests with a concentration
of less than .02
382.401(4) Records related to the education and Indefininite*
training of breath alcohol technicians,
screening test technicians, supervisors,
and drivers shall be maintained by the
employer while the individual performs
the functions which require the training
and for *2 years after ceasing to perform
Hours of Service Documentation
Inspection and Maintenance
Do you have your US FMCSA Personal Identification Number (PIN)?
To view your CSA SMS information, you will need your US DOT number and US DOT PINs to access the information as it becomes available to the industry. With the DOT number and DOT PIN, you will be able to “log on” and see your driver's names associated with the various inspections, violations, and crashes, as well as the scoring for “Hazardous Material” and “Crash” basics. The public will not have access to your driver’s name or the “Hazardous Material” or “Crash” indicator basic scoring.
The US DOT PIN was initially provided to the motor carrier when authority was granted. For many carriers, this was years and employees ago, and the PIN has been lost.
The following are three ways a motor carrier can obtain their PIN.:
https://safer.fmcsa.dot.gov/AutoPin/index.xhtml (Click on this link to receive a PIN by email)
https://li-public.fmcsa.dot.gov/LIVIEW/PKG_PIN_START.PRC_INTRO (Click on this link to receive a PIN by US Mail) Or call 1-800-832-5660 #3 then 0 and Request your PIN number in person.
If you request your US DOT PIN be sent by US mail, allow 1 to 2 weeks to receive your PIN.
The benefit of logging on to the FMCSA websites with your PIN is that when reviewing data, especially inside the CSA program, your driver's names will be populated with the inspections or accidents they were involved in.
The Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance has announced this year’s International Roadcheck dates as May 16-18
Roadcheck is a 72-hour high-visibility, high-volume commercial motor vehicle inspection and enforcement initiative. Commercial motor vehicle inspectors in Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. will conduct North American Standard Inspections of commercial motor vehicles and drivers at weigh and inspection stations, roving patrols, and temporary inspection sites.
Each year, CVSA focuses on a specific aspect of a roadside inspection. This year the focus will be on anti-lock braking systems (ABS) and cargo securement. ABS violations are not out-of-service violations; however, the anti-lock braking system is critical in reducing collisions. A properly functioning ABS will prevent wheels from locking up or skidding, allowing a driver to maintain vehicle control while braking. Improper or inadequate cargo securement accounted for 10.6% of all vehicle out-of-service violations discovered during last year’s International Roadcheck. Past International Roadcheck data routinely found cargo securement violations in the top five of vehicle out-of-service violations.
May is Motorcycle Safety Awareness Month
Motorist awareness is essential to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's comprehensive motorcycle safety program. Over two-thirds of fatal motorcycle crashes involve a motorcycle and another vehicle. The motorist either does not see the oncoming motorcycle at all or does not see the motorcycle in time to avoid a crash. Motorists need to know that their actions affect the safety of motorcyclists. A motorist and a motorcyclist may act differently in the same driving or highway situation. For example, a motorist may ignore a piece of road debris; however, that same piece of road debris may be deadly for a motorcyclist.